The stand-off on a plateau next to the mountainous state of Sikkim, which borders China, has ratcheted up tension between the neighbours, who share a 3,500-km (2,175-mile) frontier, large parts of which are disputed.
"Shaking a mountain is easy but shaking the People's Liberation Army is hard," ministry spokesman Wu Qian told a briefing, adding that its ability to defend China's territory and sovereignty had "constantly strengthened"+ .
Early in June, according to the Chinese interpretation of events, Indian guards crossed into China's Donglang region and obstructed work on a road on the plateau.
The two sides' troops then confronted each other close to a valley controlled by China that separates India from its close ally, Bhutan, and gives China access to the so-called Chicken's Neck, a thin strip of land connecting India and its remote northeastern regions.
India has said it warned China that construction of the road near their common border would have serious security implications.
The withdrawal of Indian border guards was a precondition for resolving the situation, Wu reiterated.
"India should not leave things to luck and not harbour any unrealistic illusions," Wu said, adding that the military had taken emergency measures in the region and would continue to increase focused deployments and drills.
"We strongly urge India to take practical steps+ to correct its mistake, cease provocations, and meet China halfway in jointly safeguarding the border region's peace and tranquillity," he said.
Indian officials say about 300 soldiers from either side are facing each other about 150 metres (yards) apart on the plateau.
They have told Reuters that both sides' diplomats+ have quietly engaged to try to ensure the stand-off does not escalate+ , and that India's ambassador to Beijing is leading the effort to find a way for both sides to back down from confrontation without losing face.
Chinese state media have warned India of a fate worse than the defeat it suffered in their brief border war in 1962
This month, state media said China's military had carried out live fire drills close to the disputed area.
barking dogs seldom bites
I have already stopped eating Chinese food and staring at Chinese girls in protest against these ungrateful Chinkis.
India should be grateful,u cant even product electricity without chinese quipment.not to mention leave comment here
Its time Modiji should give orders to attack China and recover our lost land in 1962.
This needs nuclear war. Unfortunately Pakistan & China also has second strike capability but for a good cause we should be prepared to sacrifice few millions
ankit kumar - 3 hours ago
Indian girls marry to dogs